Book chapters:

1. K. Fu, M. Dirican, R. Padbury, O. Toprakci, X. Zhang, "Conductive Textiles", Chapter 20 in "Engineering of High-Performance Textiles", Elsevier 2017. (Invited)


1. Liangbing Hu, Eric D Wachsman, Boyang Liu, Yunhui Gong, Kun Fu, SOLID-STATE HYBRID ELECTROLYTES, METHODS OF MAKING SAME, AND USES THEREOF, 20200112050, 03/09/2020

2. Eric D Wachsman, Liangbing Hu, Chunsheng Wang, Yang Wen, Kun Fu, Fudong Han, Solid-State Li-S Batteries and Methods of Making Same, 15779930, 03/05/2020

3. Liangbing Hu, Eric D Wachsman, Yunhui Gong, Kun Fu, Wei Luo, Chengwei Wang, Metal alloy layers on substrates, methods of making same, and uses thereof, 16097424, 03/21/2019

Peer-reviewed papers:

[1]        C. Wang, K. Fu, S.P. Kammampata, D.W. McOwen, A.J. Samson, L. Zhang, G.T. Hitz, A.M. Nolan, E.D. Wachsman, Y. Mo, V. Thangadurai, L. Hu, Garnet-Type Solid-State Electrolytes: Materials, Interfaces, and Batteries, Chem. Rev. (2020).

[2]        H. Qin, K. Fu, Y. Zhang, Y. Ye, M. Song, Y. Kuang, S.H. Jang, F. Jiang, L. Cui, Flexible nanocellulose enhanced Li+ conducting membrane for solid polymer electrolyte, Energy Storage Mater. 28 (2020) 293–299.

[3]        Y. Chen, Y. Liu, Y. Xia, X. Liu, Z. Qiang, J. Yang, B. Zhang, Z. Hu, Q. Wang, W. Wu, Y. Duan, K. Fu, J. Zhang, Electric Field Induced Assembly and Alignment of Silver-coated Cellulose for Polymer Composite Films with Enhanced Dielectric Permittivity and Anisotropic Light Transmission, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces. (2020).

[4]        B. Shi, Y. Shang, P. Zhang, A.P. Cuadros, J. Qu, B. Sun, B. Gu, T.-W. Chou, K. (Kelvin) Fu, Dynamic Capillary-Driven Additive Manufacturing of Continuous Carbon Fiber Composite, Matter. (2020).

[5]        Y. Liu, F. Zhang, J. Leng, K. Fu, X.L. Lu, L. Wang, C. Cotton, B. Sun, B. Gu, T. Chou, Remotely and Sequentially Controlled Actuation of Electroactivated Carbon Nanotube/Shape Memory Polymer Composites, Adv. Mater. Technol. 4 (2019) 1900600.

[6]        Y. Chen, Y. Wang, S. Zhu, C. Chen, V.A. Danner, Y. Li, J. Dai, H. Li, K.K. Fu, T. Li, Y. Liu, L. Hu, One-Step, Catalyst-Free, Scalable in Situ Synthesis of Single-Crystal Aluminum Nanowires in Confined Graphene Space, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces. 11 (2019) 6009–6014.

[7]        Y. Chen, Y. Wang, S. Zhu, K. Fu, X. Han, Y. Wang, B. Zhao, T. Li, B. Liu, Y. Li, J. Dai, H. Xie, T. Li, J.W. Connell, Y. Lin, L. Hu, Nanomanufacturing of graphene nanosheets through nano-hole opening and closing, Mater. Today. 24 (2019) 26–32.

[8]        X. Fang, P.D. Bradford, K. Stano, O. Yildiz, M. Dirican, H. Jia, X. Zhang, K. Fu, Hybrid Carbon Nanotube Fabrics with Sacrificial Nanofibers for Flexible High Performance Lithium-Ion Battery Anodes, J. Electrochem. Soc. 166 (2019) A473–A479.

[9]        J. Dai, K. Fu, Y. Gong, J. Song, C. Chen, Y. Yao, G. Pastel, L. Zhang, E. Wachsman, L. Hu, Flexible Solid-State Electrolyte with Aligned Nanostructures Derived from Wood, ACS Mater. Lett. 1 (2019) 361.

[10]      Y. Chen, Y. Liu, J. Yang, B. Zhang, Z. Hu, Q. Wang, W. Wu, Y. Shang, Y. Xia, Y. Duan, K. Fu, J. Zhang, Fabrication of high dielectric permittivity polymer composites by architecting aligned micro-enhanced-zones of ultralow content graphene using electric fields, Mater. Today Commun. 21 (2019) 100649.

[11]      K. Fu, Z. Yang, Y. Pei, Y. Wang, B. Xu, Y. Wang, B. Yang, L. Hu, Designing Textile Architectures for High Energy-Efficiency Human Body Sweat- and Cooling-Management, Adv. Fiber Mater. 1 (2019) 61–70.

[12]      C. Yang, H. Xie, W. Ping, K. Fu, B. Liu, J. Rao, J. Dai, C. Wang, G. Pastel, L. Hu, An Electron/Ion Dual‐Conductive Alloy Framework for High‐Rate and High‐Capacity Solid‐State Lithium‐Metal Batteries, Adv. Mater. 31 (2019) 1804815.

[13]      Y. Yao, Z. Huang, P. Xie, T. Li, S.D. Lacey, M. Jiao, H. Xie, K.K. Fu, R.J. Jacob, D.J. Kline, Y. Yang, M.R. Zachariah, C. Wang, R. Shahbazian-Yassar, L. Hu, Ultrafast, Controllable Synthesis of Sub-Nano Metallic Clusters through Defect Engineering, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces. 11 (2019) 29773–29779.

[14]      S. Xu, Y. Yao, Y. Guo, X. Zeng, S.D. Lacey, H. Song, C. Chen, Y. Li, J. Dai, Y. Wang, Y. Chen, B. Liu, K. Fu, K. Amine, J. Lu, L. Hu, Textile Inspired Lithium–Oxygen Battery Cathode with Decoupled Oxygen and Electrolyte Pathways, Adv. Mater. 30 (2018) 1–8.

[15]      H. Xie, K. Fu, C. Yang, Y. Yao, J. Rao, Y. Zhou, B. Liu, D. Kirsch, L. Hu, Necklace-Like Silicon Carbide and Carbon Nanocomposites Formed by Steady Joule Heating, Small Methods. 2 (2018) 1700371.

[16]      C. Jia, C. Chen, Y. Kuang, K. Fu, Y. Wang, Y. Yao, S. Kronthal, E. Hitz, J. Song, F. Xu, B. Liu, L. Hu, From Wood to Textiles: Top-Down Assembly of Aligned Cellulose Nanofibers, Adv. Mater. 30 (2018) 1–8.

[17]      H. Xie, C. Yang, K. (Kelvin) Fu, Y. Yao, F. Jiang, E. Hitz, B. Liu, S. Wang, L. Hu, Flexible, Scalable, and Highly Conductive Garnet-Polymer Solid Electrolyte Templated by Bacterial Cellulose, Adv. Energy Mater. 8 (2018) 1–7.

[18]      Y. Yao, F. Jiang, C. Yang, K.K. Fu, J. Hayden, C.F. Lin, H. Xie, M. Jiao, C. Yang, Y. Wang, S. He, F. Xu, E. Hitz, T. Gao, J. Dai, W. Luo, G. Rubloff, C. Wang, L. Hu, Epitaxial Welding of Carbon Nanotube Networks for Aqueous Battery Current Collectors, ACS Nano. 12 (2018) 5266–5273.

[19]      J. Dai, K. Fu, J. Rao, H. Xie, G. Pastel, C. Yang, C. Wang, L. Hu, W. Ping, B. Liu, An Electron/Ion Dual-Conductive Alloy Framework for High-Rate and High-Capacity Solid-State Lithium-Metal Batteries, Adv. Mater. 31 (2018) 1804815.

[20]      E.D. Wachsman, G.T. Hitz, C. Wang, S. Xu, C. Chen, D.W. McOwen, L. Hu, J. Dai, Y. Gong, Y. Kuang, Z. Ma, K. Fu, L. Zhang, E.M. Hitz, W. Luo, All-in-one lithium-sulfur battery enabled by a porous-dense-porous garnet architecture, Energy Storage Mater. 15 (2018) 458–464.

[21]      B. Liu, L. Zhang, S. Xu, D.W. McOwen, Y. Gong, C. Yang, G.R. Pastel, H. Xie, K. Fu, J. Dai, C. Chen, E.D. Wachsman, L. Hu, 3D lithium metal anodes hosted in asymmetric garnet frameworks toward high energy density batteries, Energy Storage Mater. 14 (2018) 376–382.

[22]      Y. Gong, K. Fu, S. Xu, J. Dai, T.R. Hamann, L. Zhang, G.T. Hitz, Z. Fu, Z. Ma, D.W. McOwen, X. Han, L. Hu, E.D. Wachsman, Lithium-ion conductive ceramic textile: A new architecture for flexible solid-state lithium metal batteries, Mater. Today. 21 (2018) 594–601.

[23]      F. Jiang, G.R. Pastel, B. Liu, Y. Yao, S.D. Lacey, A. Lu, Y. Kuang, L. Hu, S. Xu, Y. Li, K.K. Fu, V.A. Danner, Y. Chen, J. Dai, Y. Wang, Universal, In Situ Transformation of Bulky Compounds into Nanoscale Catalysts by High-Temperature Pulse, Nano Lett. 17 (2017) 5817–5822.

[24]      K.K. Fu, Y. Gong, Z. Fu, H. Xie, Y. Yao, B. Liu, M. Carter, E. Wachsman, L. Hu, Transient Behavior of the Metal Interface in Lithium Metal–Garnet Batteries, Angew. Chemie - Int. Ed. 56 (2017) 14942–14947.

[25]      E.M. Hitz, J. Song, Y. Li, K. Fu, Z. Yang, B. Liu, J. Dai, L. Hu, T. Gao, C. Chen, B. Yang, H. Xie, Three-Dimensional Printed Thermal Regulation Textiles, ACS Nano. 11 (2017) 11513–11520.

[26]      J. Choi, K. Fu, J. Seo, Z. Liu, P.J.H. Kim, J. Kwon, U. Paik, L. Hu, Synergistic protective effect of a BN-carbon separator for highly stable lithium sulfur batteries, NPG Asia Mater. 9 (2017) e375–e375.

[27]      S. Wang, F. Jiang, X. Xu, Y. Kuang, K. Fu, E. Hitz, L. Hu, Super-Strong, Super-Stiff Macrofibers with Aligned, Long Bacterial Cellulose Nanofibers, Adv. Mater. 29 (2017) 1–8.

[28]      K. “Kelvin” Fu, Y. Gong, S. Xu, Y. Zhu, Y. Li, J. Dai, C. Wang, B. Liu, G. Pastel, H. Xie, Y. Yao, Y. Mo, E. Wachsman, L. Hu, Stabilizing the Garnet Solid-Electrolyte/Polysulfide Interface in Li–S Batteries, Chem. Mater. 29 (2017) 8037–8041.

[29]      L. Hu, Y. Gong, K. Fu, Y. Wang, Y. Yao, Y. Kuang, G. Pastel, C. Yang, H. Xie, C. Wang, B. Liu, E.D. Wachsman, Rapid Thermal Annealing of Cathode-Garnet Interface toward High-Temperature Solid State Batteries, Nano Lett. 17 (2017) 4917–4923.

[30]      F. Chen, A.S. Gong, M. Zhu, G. Chen, S.D. Lacey, F. Jiang, Y. Li, Y. Wang, J. Dai, Y. Yao, J. Song, B. Liu, K. Fu, S. Das, L. Hu, Mesoporous, Three-Dimensional Wood Membrane Decorated with Nanoparticles for Highly Efficient Water Treatment, ACS Nano. 11 (2017) 4275–4282.

[31]      C. Wang, K. Fu, J. Dai, S.D. Lacey, Y. Yao, G. Pastel, L. Xu, J. Zhang, L. Hu, Inverted battery design as ion generator for interfacing with biosystems, Nat. Commun. 8 (2017) 1–7.

[32]      Y. Yao, F. Chen, A. Nie, S.D. Lacey, R.J. Jacob, S. Xu, Z. Huang, K. Fu, J. Dai, L. Salamanca-Riba, M.R. Zachariah, R. Shahbazian-Yassar, L. Hu, In Situ High Temperature Synthesis of Single-Component Metallic Nanoparticles, ACS Cent. Sci. 3 (2017) 294–301.

[33]      Y. Li, K. “Kelvin” Fu, C. Chen, W. Luo, T. Gao, S. Xu, J. Dai, G. Pastel, Y. Wang, B. Liu, J. Song, Y. Chen, C. Yang, L. Hu, Enabling High-Areal-Capacity Lithium–Sulfur Batteries: Designing Anisotropic and Low-Tortuosity Porous Architectures, ACS Nano. 11 (2017) 4801–4807.

[34]      Z. Wang, K.K. Fu, Z. Liu, Y. Yao, J. Dai, Y. Wang, B. Liu, L. Hu, Design of High Capacity Dissoluble Electrodes for All Transient Batteries, Adv. Funct. Mater. 27 (2017).

[35]      Y. Wang, J. Dai, L. Hu, C. Chen, Y. Li, S. Zhu, U. Ray, S.-H. Jang, D. Henderson, T. Li, H. Zhu, K. Fu, Cellulose-Nanofiber-Enabled 3D Printing of a Carbon-Nanotube Microfiber Network, Small Methods. 1 (2017) 1700222.

[36]      J. Dai, K. Fu, R. Palanisamy, A. Gong, G. Pastel, R. Kornfeld, H. Zhu, M. Sanghadasa, E. Bekyarova, L. Hu, A solid state energy storage device with supercapacitor–battery hybrid design, J. Mater. Chem. A. 5 (2017) 15266–15272.

[37]      Y. Wang, C. Chen, H. Xie, T. Gao, Y. Yao, G. Pastel, X. Han, Y. Li, J. Zhao, K.K. Fu, L. Hu, 3D-Printed All-Fiber Li-Ion Battery toward Wearable Energy Storage, Adv. Funct. Mater. 27 (2017) 1–8.

[38]      K. Fu, Y. Gong, S. Xu, Y. Zhu, Y. Li, J. Dai, C. Wang, B. Liu, G. Pastel, H. Xie, Y. Yao, Y. Mo, E. Wachsman, L. Hu, Stabilizing the garnet solid-electrolyte/polysulfide interface in Li-S batteries, Chem. Mater. 29 (2017) 8037–8041.

[39]      Y. Li, H. Zhu, Y. Wang, U. Ray, S. Zhu, J. Dai, C. Chen, K. Fu, S.-H. Jang, D. Henderson, T. Li, L. Hu, Cellulose-Nanofiber-Enabled 3D Printing of a Carbon-Nanotube Microfiber Network, Small Methods. 1 (2017) 1700222.

[40]      C. Yang, K. Fu, Y. Zhang, E. Hitz, L. Hu, Protected Lithium-Metal Anodes in Batteries: From Liquid to Solid, Adv. Mater. 29 (2017) 1701169.

[41]      B. Liu, Y. Gong, K. Fu, X. Han, Y. Yao, G. Pastel, C. Yang, H. Xie, E.D. Wachsman, L. Hu, Garnet Solid Electrolyte Protected Li-Metal Batteries, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces. 9 (2017) 18809–18815.

[42]      W. Luo, Y. Gong, Y. Zhu, Y. Li, Y. Yao, Y. Zhang, K.K. Fu, G. Pastel, C.-F. Lin, Y. Mo, E.D. Wachsman, L. Hu, Reducing Interfacial Resistance between Garnet-Structured Solid-State Electrolyte and Li-Metal Anode by a Germanium Layer, Adv. Mater. 29 (2017) 1606042.

[43]      X. Han, Y. Gong, K. Fu, X. He, G.T. Hitz, J. Dai, A. Pearse, B. Liu, H. Wang, G. Rubloff, Y. Mo, V. Thangadurai, E.D. Wachsman, L. Hu, Negating interfacial impedance in garnet-based solid-state Li metal batteries, Nat. Mater. 16 (2017) 572–579.

[44]      K.K. Fu, Y. Gong, B. Liu, Y. Zhu, S. Xu, Y. Yao, W. Luo, C. Wang, S.D. Lacey, J. Dai, Y. Chen, Y. Mo, E. Wachsman, L. Hu, Toward garnet electrolyte–based Li metal batteries: An ultrathin, highly effective, artificial solid-state electrolyte/metallic Li interface, Sci. Adv. 3 (2017) e1601659.

[45]      K. Fu, Y. Yao, J. Dai, L. Hu, Progress in 3D Printing of Carbon Materials for Energy-Related Applications, Adv. Mater. 29 (2017) 1603486.

[46]      C. Wang, Y. Gong, B. Liu, K. Fu, Y. Yao, E. Hitz, Y. Li, J. Dai, S. Xu, W. Luo, E.D. Wachsman, L. Hu, Conformal, Nanoscale ZnO Surface Modification of Garnet-Based Solid-State Electrolyte for Lithium Metal Anodes, Nano Lett. 17 (2017) 565–571.

[47]      K. Fu, Y. Gong, G.T. Hitz, D.W. McOwen, Y. Li, S. Xu, Y. Wen, L. Zhang, C. Wang, G. Pastel, J. Dai, B. Liu, H. Xie, Y. Yao, E.D. Wachsman, L. Hu, Three-dimensional bilayer garnet solid electrolyte based high energy density lithium metal-sulfur batteries, Energy Environ. Sci. 10 (2017) 1568–1575.

[48]      J. Zhu, M. Yanilmaz, K. Fu, C. Chen, Y. Lu, Y. Ge, D. Kim, X. Zhang, Understanding glass fiber membrane used as a novel separator for lithium–sulfur batteries, J. Memb. Sci. 504 (2016) 89–96.

[49]      W. Luo, Y. Gong, Y. Zhu, K.K. Fu, J. Dai, S.D. Lacey, C. Wang, B. Liu, X. Han, Y. Mo, E.D. Wachsman, L. Hu, Transition from Superlithiophobicity to Superlithiophilicity of Garnet Solid-State Electrolyte, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138 (2016) 12258–12262.

[50]      K.K. Fu, Z. Wang, J. Dai, M. Carter, L. Hu, Transient Electronics: Materials and Devices, Chem. Mater. 28 (2016) 3527–3539.

[51]      Z. Yang, L. Zhou, W. Luo, J. Wan, J. Dai, X. Han, K. Fu, D. Henderson, B. Yang, L. Hu, Thermally conductive, dielectric PCM-boron nitride nanosheet composites for efficient electronic system thermal management, Nanoscale. 8 (2016) 19326–19333.

[52]      Y. Chen, K. Fu, S. Zhu, W. Luo, Y. Wang, Y. Li, E. Hitz, Y. Yao, J. Dai, J. Wan, V.A. Danner, T. Li, L. Hu, Reduced graphene oxide films with ultrahigh conductivity as Li-ion battery current collectors, Nano Lett. 16 (2016) 3616–3623.

[53]      Y. Yao, J. Tao, J. Zou, B. Zhang, T. Li, J. Dai, M. Zhu, S. Wang, K.K. Fu, D. Henderson, E. Hitz, J. Peng, L. Hu, Light management in plastic–paper hybrid substrate towards high-performance optoelectronics, Energy Environ. Sci. 9 (2016) 2278–2285.

[54]      Y. Jeon, X. Han, K. Fu, J. Dai, J.H. Kim, L. Hu, T. Song, U. Paik, Flash-induced reduced graphene oxide as a Sn anode host for high performance sodium ion batteries, J. Mater. Chem. A. 4 (2016) 18306–18313.

[55]      Z. Liu, K. Fu, Z. Wang, Y. Zhu, J. Wan, Y. Yao, J. Dai, M. Kim, L. Swafford, C. Wang, L. Hu, Cut-and-stack nanofiber paper toward fast transient energy storage, Inorg. Chem. Front. 3 (2016) 681–688.

[56]      J. Zhu, Y. Ge, H. Jiang, M. Dirican, M. Yanilmaz, Y. Lu, X. Zhang, K. Fu, C. Chen, Comparing the structures and sodium storage properties of centrifugally spun SnO2 microfiber anodes with/without chemical vapor deposition, J. Mater. Sci. 51 (2016) 4549–4558.

[57]      H. Li, F. Shen, W. Luo, J. Dai, X. Han, Y. Chen, Y. Yao, H. Zhu, K. Fu, E. Hitz, L. Hu, Carbonized-leaf Membrane with Anisotropic Surfaces for Sodium-ion Battery, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces. 8 (2016) 2204–2210.

[58]      K.K. Fu, J. Cheng, T. Li, L. Hu, Flexible Batteries: From Mechanics to Devices, ACS Energy Lett. 1 (2016) 1065–1079.

[59]      Y. Yao, K.K. Fu, S. Zhu, J. Dai, Y. Wang, G. Pastel, Y. Chen, T. Li, C. Wang, T. Li, L. Hu, Carbon Welding by Ultrafast Joule Heating, Nano Lett. 16 (2016) 7282–7289.

[60]      C. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Yao, W. Luo, J. Wan, J. Dai, E. Hitz, K.K. Fu, L. Hu, A Solution-Processed High-Temperature, Flexible, Thin-Film Actuator, Adv. Mater. 28 (2016) 8618–8624.

[61]      Y. Chen, Y. Li, Y. Wang, K. Fu, V.A. Danner, J. Dai, S.D. Lacey, Y. Yao, L. Hu, Rapid, in Situ Synthesis of High Capacity Battery Anodes through High Temperature Radiation-Based Thermal Shock, Nano Lett. 16 (2016) 5553–5558.

[62]      Y. Chen, G.C. Egan, J. Wan, S. Zhu, R.J. Jacob, W. Zhou, J. Dai, Y. Wang, V.A. Danner, Y. Yao, K. Fu, Y. Wang, W. Bao, T. Li, M.R. Zachariah, L. Hu, Ultra-fast self-assembly and stabilization of reactive nanoparticles in reduced graphene oxide films, Nat. Commun. 7 (2016) 1–9.

[63]      K. Fu, Y. Gong, J. Dai, A. Gong, X. Han, Y. Yao, C. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Chen, C. Yan, Y. Li, E.D. Wachsman, L. Hu, Flexible, solid-state, ion-conducting membrane with 3D garnet nanofiber networks for lithium batteries, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 113 (2016) 7094–7099.

[64]      W. Bao, A.D. Pickel, Q. Zhang, Y. Chen, Y. Yao, J. Wan, K. Fu, Y. Wang, J. Dai, H. Zhu, D. Drew, M. Fuhrer, C. Dames, L. Hu, Flexible, High Temperature, Planar Lighting with Large Scale Printable Nanocarbon Paper, Adv. Mater. 28 (2016) 4684–4691.

[65]      Y. Yao, K.K. Fu, C. Yan, J. Dai, Y. Chen, Y. Wang, B. Zhang, E. Hitz, L. Hu, Three-Dimensional Printable High-Temperature and High-Rate Heaters, ACS Nano. 10 (2016) 5272–5279.

[66]      K.K. Fu, Z. Wang, C. Yan, Z. Liu, Y. Yao, J. Dai, E. Hitz, Y. Wang, W. Luo, Y. Chen, M. Kim, L. Hu, All-Component Transient Lithium-Ion Batteries, Adv. Energy Mater. 6 (2016) 1502496.

[67]      K. Fu, Y. Wang, C. Yan, Y. Yao, Y. Chen, J. Dai, S. Lacey, Y. Wang, J. Wan, T. Li, Z. Wang, Y. Xu, L. Hu, Graphene Oxide-Based Electrode Inks for 3D-Printed Lithium-Ion Batteries, Adv. Mater. 28 (2016) 2587–2594.

[68]      C. Chen, K. Fu, Y. Lu, J. Zhu, L. Xue, Y. Hu, X. Zhang, Use of a tin antimony alloy-filled porous carbon nanofiber composite as an anode in sodium-ion batteries, RSC Adv. 5 (2015) 30793–30800.

[69]      M. Dirican, Y. Lu, K. Fu, H. Kizil, X. Zhang, SiO<inf>2</inf>-confined silicon/carbon nanofiber composites as an anode for lithium-ion batteries, RSC Adv. 5 (2015) 34744–34751.

[70]      Y. Chen, W. Luo, M. Carter, L. Zhou, J. Dai, K. Fu, S. Lacey, T. Li, J. Wan, X. Han, Y. Bao, L. Hu, Organic electrode for non-aqueous potassium-ion batteries, Nano Energy. 18 (2015) 205–211.

[71]      F. Shen, H. Zhu, W. Luo, J. Wan, L. Zhou, J. Dai, B. Zhao, X. Han, K. Fu, L. Hu, Chemically Crushed Wood Cellulose Fiber towards High-Performance Sodium-Ion Batteries, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces. 7 (2015) 23291–23296.

[72]      J. Zhu, C. Chen, Y. Lu, Y. Ge, H. Jiang, K. Fu, X. Zhang, Nitrogen-doped carbon nanofibers derived from polyacrylonitrile for use as anode material in sodium-ion batteries, Carbon N. Y. 94 (2015) 189–195.

[73]      W. Luo, L. Zhou, K. Fu, Z. Yang, J. Wan, M. Manno, Y. Yao, H. Zhu, B. Yang, L. Hu, A Thermally Conductive Separator for Stable Li Metal Anodes, Nano Lett. 15 (2015) 6149–6154.

[74]      K. Fu, Z. Liu, Y. Yao, Z. Wang, B. Zhao, W. Luo, J. Dai, S.D. Lacey, L. Zhou, F. Shen, M. Kim, L. Swafford, L. Sengupta, L. Hu, Transient Rechargeable Batteries Triggered by Cascade Reactions, Nano Lett. 15 (2015) 4664–4671.

[75]      J.H. Kim, K. Fu, J. Choi, K. Kil, J. Kim, X. Han, L. Hu, U. Paik, Encapsulation of S/SWNT with PANI web for enhanced rate and cycle performance in lithium sulfur batteries, Sci. Rep. 5 (2015) 1–6.

[76]      H. Jiang, Y. Ge, K. Fu, Y. Lu, C. Chen, J. Zhu, M. Dirican, X. Zhang, Centrifugally-spun tin-containing carbon nanofibers as anode material for lithium-ion batteries, J. Mater. Sci. 50 (2015) 1094–1102.

[77]      J.H. Kim, K. Fu, J. Choi, S. Sun, J. Kim, L. Hu, U. Paik, Hydroxylated carbon nanotube enhanced sulfur cathodes for improved electrochemical performance of lithium-sulfur batteries, Chem. Commun. 51 (2015) 13682–13685.

[78]      Y. Lu, K. Fu, S. Zhang, Y. Li, C. Chen, J. Zhu, M. Yanilmaz, M. Dirican, X. Zhang, Centrifugal spinning: A novel approach to fabricate porous carbon fibers as binder-free electrodes for electric double-layer capacitors, J. Power Sources. 273 (2015) 502–510.

[79]      K. Fu, Y. Li, M. Dirican, C. Chen, Y. Lu, J. Zhu, Y. Li, L. Cao, P.D. Bradford, X. Zhang, Sulfur gradient-distributed CNF composite: a self-inhibiting cathode for binder-free lithium–sulfur batteries, Chem. Commun. 50 (2014) 10277–10280.

[80]      Y. Li, Y. Hu, Y. Lu, S. Zhang, G. Xu, K. Fu, S. Li, C. Chen, L. Zhou, X. Xia, X. Zhang, One-dimensional SiOC/C composite nanofibers as binder-free anodes for lithium-ion batteries, J. Power Sources. 254 (2014) 33–38.

[81]      S. Li, C. Chen, K. Fu, L. Xue, C. Zhao, S. Zhang, Y. Hu, L. Zhou, X. Zhang, Comparison of Si/C, Ge/C and Sn/C composite nanofiber anodes used in advanced lithium-ion batteries, Solid State Ionics. 254 (2014) 17–26.

[82]      K. Fu, Y. Lu, M. Dirican, C. Chen, M. Yanilmaz, Q. Shi, P.D. Bradford, X. Zhang, Chamber-confined silicon–carbon nanofiber composites for prolonged cycling life of Li-ion batteries, Nanoscale. 6 (2014) 7489–7495.

[83]      M. Dirican, M. Yanilmaz, K. Fu, Y. Lu, H. Kizil, X. Zhang, Carbon-enhanced electrodeposited SnO2/carbon nanofiber composites as anode for lithium-ion batteries, J. Power Sources. 264 (2014) 240–247.

[84]      M. Yanilmaz, K. Fu, O. Yildiz, H. Kizil, X. Zhang, Y. Hu, M. Dirican, Carbon-Confined PVA-Derived Silicon/Silica/Carbon Nanofiber Composites as Anode for Lithium-Ion Batteries, J. Electrochem. Soc. 161 (2014) A2197–A2203.

[85]      A.G. Nandgaonkar, Q. Wang, K. Fu, W.E. Krause, Q. Wei, R. Gorga, L. A. Lucia, A one-pot biosynthesis of reduced graphene oxide (RGO)/bacterial cellulose (BC) nanocomposites, Green Chem. 16 (2014) 3195–3201.

[86]      Y. Ge, H. Jiang, K. Fu, C. Zhang, J. Zhu, C. Chen, Y. Lu, Y. Qiu, X. Zhang, Copper-doped Li4Ti5O12/carbon nanofiber composites as anode for high-performance sodium-ion batteries, J. Power Sources. 272 (2014) 860–865.

[87]      S. Li, C. Chen, K. Fu, R. White, C. Zhao, P.D. Bradford, X. Zhang, Nanosized Ge@CNF, Ge@C@CNF and Ge@CNF@C composites via chemical vapour deposition method for use in advanced lithium-ion batteries, J. Power Sources. 253 (2014) 366–372.

[88]      M. Yanilmaz, Y. Lu, M. Dirican, K. Fu, X. Zhang, Nanoparticle-on-nanofiber hybrid membrane separators for lithium-ion batteries via combining electrospraying and electrospinning techniques, J. Memb. Sci. 456 (2014) 57–65.

[89]      H. Lee, M. Yanilmaz, O. Toprakci, K. Fu, X. Zhang, A review of recent developments in membrane separators for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries, Energy Environ. Sci. 7 (2014) 3857–3886.

[90]      Y. Lu, Y. Li, S. Zhang, G. Xu, K. Fu, H. Lee, X. Zhang, Parameter study and characterization for polyacrylonitrile nanofibers fabricated via centrifugal spinning process, Eur. Polym. J. 49 (2013) 3834–3845.

[91]      C. Chen, R. White, K. Fu, X. Zhang, S. Li, C. Zhao, P.D. Bradford, Nanosized Ge@CNF, Ge@C@CNF and Ge@CNF@C composites via chemical vapour deposition method for use in advanced lithium-ion batteries, J. Power Sources. 253 (2013) 366–372.

[92]      S. Li, L. Xue, K. Fu, X. Xia, C. Zhao, X. Zhang, High-performance Sn/Carbon Composite Anodes Derived from Sn(II) Acetate/Polyacrylonitrile Precursors by Electrospinning Technology, Curr. Org. Chem. 17 (2013) 1448–1454.

[93]      S. Li, K. Fu, L. Xue, O. Toprakci, Y. Li, S. Zhang, G. Xu, Y. Lu, X. Zhang, Co3O4/carbon composite nanofibers for use as anode material in advanced lithium-ion batteries, in: ACS Symp. Ser., 2013: pp. 55–66.

[94]      L. Xue, G. Xu, Y. Li, S. Li, K. Fu, Q. Shi, X. Zhang, Carbon-coated Si nanoparticles dispersed in carbon nanotube networks as anode material for lithium-ion batteries, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces. 5 (2013) 21–25.

[95]      X. Xia, K. Fu, L. Xue, S. Zhang, S. Li, T. Tucker, X. Zhang, A simple method to encapsulate SnSb nanoparticles into hollow carbon nanofibers with superior lithium-ion storage capability, J. Mater. Chem. A. 1 (2013) 13807.

[96]      K. Fu, O. Yildiz, H. Bhanushali, Y. Wang, K. Stano, L. Xue, X. Zhang, P.D. Bradford, Aligned Carbon Nanotube-Silicon Sheets: A Novel Nano-architecture for Flexible Lithium Ion Battery Electrodes, Adv. Mater. 25 (2013) 5109–5114.

[97]      K. Fu, L. Xue, O. Yildiz, S. Li, H. Lee, Y. Li, G. Xu, L. Zhou, P.D. Bradford, X. Zhang, Effect of CVD carbon coatings on Si@CNF composite as anode for lithium-ion batteries, Nano Energy. 2 (2013) 976–986.

[98]      Y. Lu, O. Toprakci, X. Zhang, S. Zhang, L. Xue, Y. Li, K. Fu, G. Xu, Si/C composite nanofibers with stable electric conductive network for use as durable lithium-ion battery anode, Nano Energy. 2 (2012) 361–367.

[99]      Y. Wen, R. Li, F. Cai, K. Fu, S. Peng, Q. Jiang, L. Yao, Y. Qiu, Influence of ethylene glycol pretreatment on effectiveness of atmospheric pressure plasma treatment of polyethylene fibers, Appl. Surf. Sci. 256 (2010) 3253–3258.

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